Day 2 :
Howard University, USA
Dr. Talbert began her vocation in public health working to empower communities regarding the importance of preventative diseases, promoting healthy lifestyles, and working on health disparities initiatives. While serving in the community, Dr. Talbert began working in higher education. She has worked as an educator, academic mentor, researcher, consultant, and held multiple leadership positions. She established the Center for Professional Academic Consulting, LLC, which is dedicated to supporting institutions promote academic excellence by obtaining and maintaining accreditation. In 2015, Dr. Talbert joined Howard University to serve as an Associate Professor and now serves as the Associate Dean. Dr. Talbert holds a Bachelor's degree in Ethnic Studies and Human Services Administration, a Master’s degree in Higher Education Administration with emphasis on Accreditation, a Master’s degree in Public Health, and Doctor of Philosophy in Public Health. She is certified as a Health Education Specialist, Public Health Administrator, Wellness Practitioner, and Public Health Nutritionist.
High disease prevalence rates continue to significantly impact illness and mortality rates of American children. Therefore, an investigation of specific identifiable risk factors, which may be associated with negative health outcomes among children’s groups, may therefore be warranted. A large randomly drawn sample (N =422,599) of boys (n = 198.960) and girls (n = 223,639) ages 4 to 12, was examined in this research study to test for the association between disease prevalence and the factors of Healthcare Quality, Household Income, Race, and Gender. The Pearson Chi-Square test for Association was applied to measure for significant variable associations in this research study. This research study examined inpatient admissions for pediatric patients using the Kids´ Inpatient Database (KID), Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ, 2016). The results of this study found that there were statistically significant associations between negative disease outcomes and identifiable risk factors, which were investigated (p< .05). The findings from this research study provide support for establishing the initiatives that may assist in reducing disease and illness rates among children’s groups.
Kobe International University, Japan
Professor Masatsugu Tsuji received Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University in 1976. He is currently professor at Kobe International University. His serves include visiting professors of Carnegie Mellon University, US and National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan; Board of Director, International Telecommunications Society; Editorial Board, Journal of International Society of Telemedicine and eHealth, and Smart Homecare Technology and TeleHealth; coordinator of e-Health Economics, ISfTeH. Current research focuses on economic evaluation of telemedicine and e-Health. He has been consulting the Japanese Government and local governments for implementing telemedicine projects.
The regional medical information network connects medical institutions in the region to share residents’ medical data such as images of x-ray and endoscope, diagnosis, past history of medical treatment, medication, and so on. As a result, it leads to promote efficiency and reduction of medical expenditure by preventing double medical checks or medications. Toward the age of big data or AI, the network becomes more important. This paper is based on the field research on regional medical information networks in Japan and compares their aims, operation, information systems, and effects to medical institutions, clinics, and residents. Cases compared are Ajisai (hydrangea) Net in Nagasaki, Japan, and Healthix in In New York, US. Ajisai Net connects 282 hospitals and clinics in the regions and about 50,000 residents are registered. One of its characteristics is for clinic to access to medical data of patients who were transferred to large hospitals and see their real time medical situations. The costs to clinics include initial fees which are JPY 83,000 (USD750) and monthly fees amounted to JPY4,000 (USD36). The network of Healthix connects about 500 medical institutions which share the health records of 18 million residents which include diagnosis, medication, examinations, allergy, and so on. In addition to prevention of double medical examination, or double medication, the network contributes to the promotion of efficiency of medicine, and the data accumulated in the network is used for “Population Risk Management” to predict diseases. This study is to examine the economic analysis of regional medical information system.
Seoul National University, South Korea
Dr Bo-Hyoung Jin is working as a Head Professor of the Department of Preventive & Social Dentistry, School of Dentistry at Seoul National University.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of remineralization over time after application of fluoride varnish with and without tricalcium phosphate (TCP).
Methods: This in vitro study used extracted bovine lateral incisors without dental caries. Artificial lesions were created in the enamel specimens. The amount of mineral loss (ΔFbefore) was measured using quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF). Test fluoride varnishes (10 mg) were applied to the enamel surface of the specimen and dried for 4 min. No fluoride varnish was applied to the specimens in the control group. Each group was randomly assigned 12 specimens, and remineralization was allowed to occur to different time points (0.5, 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h) in each group. Specimens were washed with distilled water and dried with compressed air for 3 s. ΔFafter was determined using QLF.
Results: When fluoride varnish containing TCP was applied for up to 6 h, the amount of mineral loss significantly increased, and when non-TCP fluoride varnish was applied for up to 12 hours, the amount of mineral loss significantly increased ( P <0.05). However, the amount of mineral loss was higher in the control group. The difference between ΔFbefore and ΔFafter (ΔΔF) increased over time. There was a significant difference between the TCP group and the control group after 6 h. The non-TCP group showed a significant difference after 24 h compared to the control group. After 12 h, significant differences were observed in the TCP group compared to both the non-TCP and control groups.
Conclusions: This study showed that the degree of remineralization increased gradually over time after fluoride varnish application compared to the control group. In particular, fluoride varnish containing TCP showed better remineralization capability than varnish without TCP.