Day 3 :
HENRY, National Charity, UK
Kim Roberts is Chief Executive of the UK national charity, HENRY. For the last 10 years HENRY has been transforming traditional approaches to obesity prevention, working in partnership with public health departments and academic partners across the UK to develop and test research-based practical interventions to tackle child obesity in the preschool years.
Almost a quarter of children aged 4-5 are overweight and the prevalence of obesity currently stands at 9.6%. There is a clear need for intervention in the pre-school years and HENRY’s (Health, Exercise, Nutrition for the Really Young) parent-targeted approach has shown consistently positive results when delivered by trained staff. This study aimed to test whether the HENRY Healthy Families programme was also effective in improving eating behaviour and habits, physical activity, parenting confidence to provide a healthy lifestyle and emotional wellbeing when delivered by trained volunteer mentors. Further analysis explored differences in outcomes from programmes delivered by volunteers or project staff. The programme was delivered one-to-one over 8 weekly sessions of one hour, with outcomes measured at baseline, post-programme, and at 6 months follow-up. Parents (N = 87) reported improvements in parenting confidence, parent and child emotional wellbeing, some family eating behaviours, and consumption of fruit and veg (parent and child) and water (child only), but not in physical activity or consumption of certain snack items. Some of these improvements were maintained at 6 months follow-up. There were no differences in outcomes from programmes delivered by trained volunteers (n = 68) or project staff (n = 18). Parents who received the programme from volunteers reported comparable gains in key health indicators of parents and children to those delivered by project staff, providing tentative evidence that these programmes can be successfully scaled up with delivery by volunteer mentors. Future research should test this model on a larger scale.
Sakhnin College, Israel
Dr. Subhi Badarni has been graduated from Hadassa Medical School, the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, majoring in social and community medicine and public health, Israel. He started working at the Health Ministry in Acre, as head of health education and promotion department. Today, he works as a lecturer of health promotion at Sakhnin College and health researcher.
The nutrition condition among school pupils in the world has gotten worse to an epidemic situation. The obesity rate is 25% in the developed countries while among Arab pupils in Israel, it has risen by 35%. Only 23% of the pupils perform physical activities weekly. The objectives of this article are raising awareness and changing behavior among pupils and their parents about healthy nutrition and the importance of physical activity; reducing 40% of obesity among pupils; increasing the physical activities by 60% on a weekly basis among school pupils. Achieving these objectives requires conducting Body Mass Index (B.M.I) survey by skilled nurses for all school pupils before and after the health promotion invention program at school; conducting a needs assessment study; a questionnaire. School should continue using the program for the next 5 years in such a way that would make other schools use it. In addition, more community volunteers, decision makers and sponsors, as well as the school community, should be recruited as part of the program.
Saratov State University, Russia
Obesity is a common and increasing problem in modern society. According to WHO, there are 1.8 bln. people in the world who are either overweight or obese. The growing concern is the increasing number of overweight children as these children and adolescents have a strong predictive pattern for the development of overweight and obesity in adulthood.
Pathogenic pattern underlying obesity is associated with increased food intake and sedentary lifestyle. There are many theories providing explanation for this pattern: the idea of disturbances in the regulation of energy balance, or the role of intestinal microbiota. One of the causes of obesity is dysfunction of hypothalamic structures that results in increased appetite and eating disorders. Evidence suggests the effectiveness of transcranial techniques such as transcranial magnetic therapy (TMT) with alternating magnetic field. This is because influences of TMT occur at the hypothalamic level. The aim of the given study was to assess the effectiveness of TMT in management of eating disorder and in the possibility of weight loss in obese adolescents. 80 patients aged 14-18 with second and third degrees of obesity were examined. The 5-score based questionnaire was developed to subjectively assess food craving. Indicators of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism were assessed as well as hormone panel, and the results of EEG and CIG. TMT with alternating magnetic field, which scan rate was 1-12 Hz, was performed using the device “AMO-ATOS” (OOO“TRIMA”, Saratov). Results: the children complained about increased appetite and blood pressure. Blood biochemical analysis findings showed elevated levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, and immunoreactive insulin. Some children had elevated levels of TSH and cortisol. CIG results showed changes in brain biological and electrical activity and marked prevalence of activity of subcortical nerve centers (ASNC) in 77 % of adolescents. A month after the treatment with TMT stimulation the number of adolescents with normal frequency and α- and B-rhythm range increased by 2-2.5 times, centralization index decreased by 2 times which enabled to decrease hunger, craving for food and the loss body weight by 36%.Thus, TMT stimulation resulted in normal bioelectrogenesis of the brain and endocrine profile. Alongside normalization of metabolism and body weight loss were observed.